SAT经典作文例子

更新时间:2022-7-16 作者:用户投稿原创标记本站原创 点赞:20296 浏览:93531

SAT经典作文例子【名人传记】

BillyBeane

BillyBeaneisthemanagerofOaklandAthleticsofMajorLeagueBaseball.HeiamouormakingOaklandAthletics,anordinaryevenlessthanordinaryteamstandoutamongMLB.HireshwaysofoperationandmanagementbeepopularafterthepublicationofMoneyball:TheArtofWinninganUnfairGame,whichwasturnedintoamoviein2016.

AmongthepetitiveMLB,BillyBeane'steamwasonlythirdgradeintermsofstaff,equipmentorfund.However,withthehelpofhiriendPeter,byhisownuniquemanagementskillsandcontrarythinking,helookedandcalledtogethersomebaseballmemberswhowerebad-temperedornotgoodonsurfacebutproficientincertainareaofbaseballsport.Ofcourse,thiovecausedagreatsensationandargumentationamongthecoachesandothermanagers,whoforbadeBilly'embersenteringthefield.Inordertochangethesystem,Billysoldoutothermemberswhoseemedtoplaywell,sotheothermanagershadnochoicebuttolethiembersplay.Regardlessofcriticiandquestion,BillyledhisteamtothevictoryandeventothedegreethatcanpetewiththestrongNewYorkYankees.

ItwasBilly'suniquemanagementstylesandthecouragetofightagainsttheoldsystemthatledhisteamtovictory.

比利比恩

比利比恩是美国职棒大联盟奥克兰运动家队的总经理,他以带领运动家队立足于美国职棒大联盟而着名.他新奇的球队管理经营方式也因《魔球—逆境中制胜的智慧》一书而闻名,该书于2016年改编成电影.

在竞争激烈的美国职业棒球联盟,比利的奥克兰运动家棒球队无论在人员和物资配备以及资金实力都仅仅是下三流之列.然而凭借比利比恩的逆向思维的经营方式,在好友的帮助下,他物色召集了一批表面看起来都优缺点,性格偏激但骨子里却都拥有在棒球运动某方面的超强能力的队员.当然他的这一行为引起了极大的轰动和争议,其他的经理教练甚至不允许他的球员上场比赛.但是比利坚持自己的想法,将队里其他的优秀队员卖到其他俱乐部,其他经理教练别无它法只能让他的队员上场.在一片质疑和批评中,比利带领他的队伍取得了胜利甚至可以和实力强劲的洋基队比肩.

正是比利独特的管理模式以及向老旧的模式挑战的勇气带领球队走向胜利.

MarieColvin

MarieColvin,afamousAmericanfemalejournalist.Beforeherdeath,sheworkedaswarcorrespondentforTimes.OnFebruary22,2016,shewaskilledbybombwhenSyriagovernmentforcesbombardedHolmes.Shewasbornforreportingnews,fightingforhumanityuntilbeingimmortalinthewarfare."Ifyoucannotstopthewar,thentellthetruthaboutthewarstotheworld",andthisisthelastingmottoforwarcorrespondent.

BorninbeautifulAmericanLongIslandin1956,shewasatopstudentofYaleUniversitymajoredinliterature.Duringhersenioryear,sheparticipatedinaseminar,whichwasaboutthereportoftheHiroshimabombingmadethefamousjournalistJohnHersey.ThiasterpieceofAmerican20thcenturypressdeeplyshockedMarieColvin.Since1986,Colvinhadbeenlivingintheflamesofwar.In2001,ColvinwenttoSriLankatoreportwarfarenewsandunfortunatelyshewasattackedbythegovernmentforce.Atlastshesurvivedbutshelostherlefteyeforever.Colvinputonablackeyeshadeandrushedtoanotherbattlefield.Deathjustthreatenedheraggressively,butshegotfaithtofightagainstit.Sheinsistedthatthepublichadtherighttoknowwhatthearmydidinnameofthemanditistruethatmanypeoplewerewaitingforyourreportsandtheycaredthemiortuneandwantedtostopitwhenyouwentthroughfireandwater.

ByvirtueofthereportsinChechnyaandKosovo,shewonthe"CourageAward"issuedbyIWMF.ShealsowontheEnglish"BestJournalistStationedAbroad"duetoherreportsinYugosl.Colvinsaid,"Ialwaysconcentrateonthehumanityinthewaranditdoesnotseemremoteandunfamiliartothosepeoplelivingthepeacefulworld."

玛丽·科尔文

玛丽·科尔文(MarieColvin),着名美国籍女记者,生前任英国《星期日泰晤士报》资深战地新闻记者.2016年2月22日,在叙利亚政府军炮击霍姆斯市时被炸身亡.她为报道而生,为人性而战,直至在战火中得到永生."如果你没法阻止战争,那你就把战争的真相告诉世界",这是战地记者永远的格言.

1956年出生在美国纽约长岛,她曾经是耶鲁大学英语文学专业的高材生,大四那年,她参加了一场研讨会,讨论的是着名记者约翰·赫西关于日本广岛爆炸后情况的报道,这部美国20世纪新闻业的巅峰之作,深深地震撼了科尔文.玛丽·科尔文从1986年开始从事战地记者的工作,她一直生活在战争烽火中.2001年,科尔文前往斯里兰卡报道战事,她遭到了政府军的攻击.最终,科尔文在美国大使馆的保护下捡回一条命,但左眼永久失明.科尔文系上一条黑色眼罩,奔赴下一个战场.死亡就这么嚣张地逼近她,她能借以抗衡的,只有信念."民众有权知道政府,军队以他们的名义在做什么""要相信,当你在国外的战场上出生入死时,很多人正等着看你的报道.要相信他们在关心战争中的不幸,并在试图阻止它".

凭借她在车臣和科索沃的报道赢得了国际妇女传媒基金会的"勇气奖",此前,她还曾凭借在前南斯拉夫的报道获得了英国"最佳驻外记者奖".科尔文说:"我注重的是战争中的人性.它让处于和平环境的人们也不觉得遥远和陌生".

BernardLawMontgomery

BernardLawMontgomeryisanEnglishstrategistandalsofieldmarshal.HeisoneofthemostfamouandersduringtheSecondWorldWar,especiallywell-knownforBattleofElAlameinandTheNormandyInvasion.

Montgomery'atherwaucholderthanhiother,sograduallytheyoungwifebecamearrogantandwillfulduetohusband'sspoil.What'orehiotherhateddirtinessverymuch.Therefore,inthiamilytheyoungandnaughtychildMontgomerydidnotgetmuchaffection.Oncehebrokehiother'oritefishtank.Hiotherdrewhimaconclusionthathewouldsucceedindoingnothingexceptforservingascannonfodder.YoungMontgomerywasreallyhurtbythesewordsandhedidnotbelievethathiotherwouldcurseonhimlikethis.Laterhebegantobeverycarefulanddideverythingaccordingtohiother'ood.Livinginthiamily,heaccidentallycultivatedhisobservationabilityandwillpower.Hedidnotsinkintohiother'sindifference,andinsteadhegrewupduringmilitarylife.ThechildhoodexperienceturnedhimintoanextremelyindependentpersonandCommanderMontgomeryinthefuture.

Heisnotanordinarymander,butthemanderamongthemanders.Heenjoyedthereputationandelevatedprestigeinthefieldmilitary.

伯纳德劳蒙哥马利

伯纳德劳蒙哥马利,英国杰出的军事家,陆军元帅,第二次世界大战中杰出的指挥官之一.着名的阿拉曼战役和诺曼底登陆为其军事生涯的两大杰作.

蒙哥马利生在一个老夫少妻的家庭,丈夫对自己的妻子宠爱有加,让年轻的妻子养成了任性骄纵的习惯.而且她还有洁癖,十分讨厌肮脏.小时候的蒙哥马利十分顽皮,在家中并不受宠爱.一次他打碎了他母亲最喜爱的一个花瓶,然后他的母亲给他下了个结论说他除了当炮灰,将来什么也做不成,做不来.这句话给蒙哥马利带来了极大的伤害,他不敢相信自己的母亲会这样诅咒自己.蒙哥马利由此性情大变,开始小心翼翼按照母亲情绪做事.在这样的家庭环境下,他意外地培养了自己的观察力和意志力.他并没有沉沦在母亲的漠视中而是在军旅生活中慢慢成长.童年的生活经历成就了后来的蒙哥马利.

他不是一位普通的而是将军中的将军.他在世界军事领域也享有声誉和崇高的威望.

3Idiots

3IdiotsisanIndianedyfilmshowedin2016.IthasbeethehighestgrossingBollywoodfilmofalltimeinIndia.ItalsobrokeallopeningboxofficerecordsinIndiaandwonmanyawardsinthefilmfare.

OneofthemainheroesinthemoviewasnamedRancho.Rancho'swasasonofagardenerworkingforarichfamily.Heisart,docileandnaughty.He,withtheidentityofhishost,wenttocollegewiththeonlytasktogetadiploma.Hestudiedmechaniforhisrealinterestonitandheassertedthatweshouldtranormourpassionintooccupation.However,atschooltheprofessorsattachedmoreimportancetothebookknowledgeratherthanpracticaluse,soRanchoalwaysinfuriatedhisprofessors.Hisprofessorevenassertedthathewouldbesiftedout.Whenhewasdrivenoutofoneclassroom,hewouldgointoanotherone.Tohimeverythingwasnewandhecouldlearnalot.Intheendofthestory,Ranchobecameawell-knownscientistandfoundaschoolforchildrentolearnscienceforpracticaluse.

Rancho'ostfamoussayingisthathoweverbigtheproblem,tellyourheart"alliswell".Nomatterwhathappened,hekeptausualmindandstickedtohimself.Heinsistedonthatdoingwhatyoureallywanttodoisreallybeingyourself.

三傻

三傻是一部上映于2016年的印度喜剧片.它已经成为印度票房最高的宝莱坞电影,它同时打破了所有的印度票房记录,在电影大赏上获得诸多奖项.

电影中其中一个主人公叫兰彻,他的父亲是一个园丁,为一个富人家打工.兰彻很聪明也很淘气.他检测装成他主人的身份去上学,为他的主人获得学历.他学习机械是真的对机械感兴

趣,他经常说我们应该把我们的兴趣变成职业.然而在学校老师们往往都更注重书本知识而非实际应用.结果兰彻经常惹怒老师,他的老师甚至断言他会被这社会淘汰.他经常被赶出教室,当被赶出来的时候,他就会溜进下一个教室,对他来说,所有的东西都可以学习.故事的最后兰彻成为了一名科学家同时创办了一所学校.

兰彻最有名的一句话就是,"无论发生什么事,告诉你的心,一切安好".无论发生什么,他都保持一个颗平常心,并且坚持做自己.他经常说,做自己想做的事才是真正的做自己.

CharlesSchulz

EveryoneknowsthefamousdogSnoopy,butafewofusknowhiather,Charles.Schulz.HehadwonthehighestawardofcartoonartRe-benAwardtwiceandin1978hewaselectedas"AnnulWorldCartoonist".Hisworksarewell-knownforhumor,warmandimagination.

Bornlessthanaweek,Charles'unclegeanickname"Spark"tolittleCharles,whichmeansinspiration.Hehadbeeninspiringhimself.Charleswasborntobeacartoonistbecauseofhistalent.HoweverCharles'familywaspoor.Hiathertooktheentirefamilyburdenandtriedhisbesttomaintainhissonatcartoonlearningschool.Charleswasashyandrestlessboy.Thoughhelearntveryhardatschool,heonlygotC+onthe"child'sdrawing"lesson.Atthesametime,hiotherwaightingwithcancer.Tothispoorfamily,hiother'ssicknesswasonedisasterafteranother.JustwhenCharlesgraduatedfromartschoolandpreparedtosellhisworks,theSecondWorldWarbrokeout.ThemilitarylifemadeCharlesrealizetheimportanceofpeacefullifeandhebecameconfidentandpersistent,whichplayedquiteanimportantroleinCharles'latersuccess.Backtothepeacefulworld,Charlesbeganhiscartooncareer.Borntobeacartoonist,Charlesgotsuperiortalent,sowithhiswisdom,honestyandart,hecreatedacartoonworldfilledwithhumor,imagination,andwarmness..

Charleshadbeendrawingforalmost50yearsandhedevotedhimselftohiscartoonworld.OneofhiamouscartoonsPeanutshasbeenonover2600newspapersaround75countriesandtranslatedinto21languagessinceitsbirthonOctober2nd,1950.

查尔斯·舒尔茨

每个人都知道史努比,但是知道史努比创作者查尔斯·舒尔茨的人却不多.舒尔茨曾两度获得漫画艺术最高殊荣"鲁本奖",1978年被选为"年度国际漫画家".他的作品充满了幽默,温暖和想象.

出生不到一周,他的一位叔叔为他取了一个叫"斯巴克"的昵称,意为"激发,激励".他也一直这样激励自己.查尔斯很有漫画天赋但是他的家庭很贫穷.舒尔茨勤劳的父亲,担负着家庭和生活的重担,为他的儿子能够上漫画函授学校而操劳.查尔斯是个害羞的但不安分的孩子.虽然他函授学习很刻苦,但是他在"儿童画"的课程上只得C+.在这段时间里,舒尔茨的母亲戴娜正在同癌症病魔作斗争.对于这个贫穷的家庭来说,母亲的重病无疑是雪上加霜.就在查尔斯从学校毕业准备出售他的漫画时,第二次世界大战爆发了.军事生涯使舒尔茨认识到和平生活的重要,更使他变得自信和执着,这些对他取得一生的成功起着决定性的作用.查尔斯具有很高的漫画天赋,他用机智,正直和极具表现力的艺术,创造了一个独特的充满幽默,幻想,和温馨的漫画世界.

查尔斯创作了近50年的漫画,他全身心的投入到漫画世界.《花生》漫画从1950年10月2日诞生至今,已有75个国家的2600家报纸刊登过,并被翻译成21种语言.

HenryR.Luce

HenryLuce,thefatherofthefamouagazines,"Times","Fortune"and"Life",isoneofmostinfluentialmediumpersonsofthe20thcentury.HeisthelegendofthemediaindustrywhochangesthehistoryofAmericanmediaandcreatesanempireofmedia.

AftergraduatingfromYalein1920andayearoffurtherstudyinOxford,HenryLucesteppedintosociety.HefirstwenttoInternationalCombine-harvesterCorporate,buthewasrefused.Thenhewentto"ChicagoDailyNews",yetheleftofficelaterbecauseoftheeconomicrecession.Finallyhegothisluck.Oneofhisclasates,Hardenandhimwerearrangedtoworkforanewsagency.Theyhadnoexperienceormoney,buttheywantedtofoundtheirowngreatestnewspaper,neithertooinferiornortoooppressive.Toestablishabusinessisreallydifficult,especiallytotheseyoungpeople.ThroughtherelationshipofYalestudents,theyvisitedtheauthoritiesandcelebritiesonebyoneandtheydidtheirutmosttoraisemoney.Thoughtheprocesswashard,theyfinallysetupthemagazineTimesafteryear'sconstanteffort."Times",famouoritsconciseandclearstyle,provideseffectiveandongoingworldnewstothosebusypeople.NowTimesistheoneofthemostinfluentialmagazinesaroundtheworld.

Throughoutallhislife,HenryLucedevoteshimselftojournali.Thegreatestthinghelefttotheworldistherevolutionofmagazinenewsindustry.Heinitiatedtheformofnewagazine.TheoperationofAmericanmagazinebrands,infiniteworshipoforiginalityandothermagazineoperationsallefromhim.

亨利.卢斯

亨利.卢斯,着名杂志:《时代》,《财富》,《生活》的创办人,是20世纪最有影响力的媒体人之一.他是现代传媒业的神话.他改变了美国传媒史,成就了一个传媒帝国.

1920年耶鲁大学毕业后,卢斯在牛津大学深造一年便踏入社会.他先去了国际联合收割机公司,但被拒绝,然后去了《芝加哥每日新闻》,不久便因经济衰退,怏怏离职.之后他和同学被安排在一家新闻社工作.两个没有经验也没有钱的年轻人聚到一起,他们想办一份世界上最伟大的报纸,既不低级也不沉闷.创业对于年轻人来说非常困难.他们利用自己的耶鲁关系,逐个拜访名人恳求给予支持.同时也筹集资金.经过了一年的不懈的努力,他们最终创办起时代杂志.《时代》以简洁有条理的方式为忙碌的人士提供高效深入的世界新闻报道.现在它是世界最具影响力的杂志之一.

亨利.卢斯一省都在从事新闻出版工作.他留给世界最大的财富就是对杂志新闻事业的革命.他首创了新闻杂志的形式.美国杂志品牌的经营,对创意的无限推崇等杂志经营理念都是从他开始的.

AlexandreDumas

AlexandreDumas,pèrewasaFrenchwriter,bestknownforhisnumeroushistoricalnovelsofhighadventurewhichhemadehimthemostwidelyreadFrenchauthorintheworld.Manyofhisnovels,includingTheCountofMonteCristoandtheD'ArtagnanRomances,wereserialized,andhealsowroteplays,magazinearticles,andwasaprolificcorrespondent.

Once,afriendofDumas'cametovisithim.HesawDumassittingathistablealoneandweepingquietly,sohedecidedtowaitforhimamoment.However,afterquitealongtime,Dumas'moodstilldidnotturnbetter.Heaskedhiriendabouthissadnessandtriedtoforthim.ItturnedoutthatDumaswaswritinghisworkTheThreeMusketeersandoneofhioritecharacters,duetotheneedofdevelopingstory,hadtodieintheend.Hecoulddonothingaboutthisandfeltsorryforhishero.Hiriendwaitedforhimabout45minutes,yetDumas'servanttoldthathehadbeencryingforhours.

Writingdoesneedrealemotion.Youneedtobemovedfirstsothatyoucantouchothers'hearts.Whateverwedo,weshouldfocusonitanddevoteourselvestoitjustasDumasdid.Hedevoteshimselftohisworksandthatiswhyhisworksturntobeclassics.

大仲马

大仲马,法国着名作家.他的极具冒险精神的历史小说使他成为世界上家喻户晓的法国作家.他的许多小说,包括《基督山伯爵》,《达尔达尼央浪漫三部曲》都出了连载.他同时写剧本,杂志文章,是一个多产的通讯记者.

一次,大仲马的朋友来拜访他.朋友见他独自坐在桌前抽泣便决定等他.可是过了好久,大仲马的情绪还是不见好转.他便决定去安慰他.大仲马看见朋友就把事情的原委说了,原来是他在创作《三个手》,其中一个他很喜欢的人物为了剧情发展最后死了.他很伤心.他的朋友等了他45分钟,但是据他的仆人说,他已经哭了好几个小时了.

写作确实是需要投入感情的,因为只有先感动了自己才能感动别人.无论我们做什么,我们都应该全身心的投入.就像大仲马,他投入到他的作品中,他的作品便成了经典.

DennisGabor

DennisGaborwasaNoblePrizewinnerinPhysicsin1971.Hisinventionofholographymadepossibletherealizationofthreedimensionsofobjectsphotographed.Itenormouslyimpelledthedevelopmentofmodernsociety.

OneofthemostessentialreasonsthatDennisGaborcouldmakesuchagreatinventionwashispassionforphysicsandtheincessanteffortshemadeinaccordancewithhispassion.Influencedbyhiather,heformedaninterestinAbbe'icroscopictheoryandGabrielLippmann'scolorphotographyinhisteenageryears.Hetriedtobuildaall-scalelaboratoryathomewithhisyoungerbrotherGeetoconductexperimentsconcerningX-rayandradioactivity.Duetohiscuriosityaboutphysics,heselfstudiedcalculuswithintwoyearsbeforegoingtocollege.Eventhoughhemajoredinelectricalengineeringduringundergraduateyears,hisloveforphysicswasunquenchable.HeoftenwenttoBerlinUniversitytolistentolecturesgivenbyphysicistslikeEinstein,Planck,etc.

Hisenthusiaforacademics,hisdiligenceandhisdevotiontoscienceguaranteedthathewouldnotonlyimprovehimselftothemostextent,butalsomakecontributionstothesociety.Heneverstoppedscientificexplorationafterheinventedholographyin1940s.YearslaterhewenttoEnglandandbecameaprofessorofAppliedPhysicsinImperialCollegeLondonuntilhisretirementin1967.

丹尼斯·加博尔

丹尼斯·加博尔是1971年诺贝尔物理学奖获得者.他所发明的全息摄影术使得三维呈现被拍摄物体成为可能,这大大促进了现代社会的发展.

丹尼斯·加博尔之所以能有如此伟大的发明,最重要的原因之一是他对物理的热情,以及为这样的热情他所付出的不懈努力.丹尼斯从小受父亲的影响,对阿贝氏显微理论和加布里埃尔·李普曼氏彩色照相术非常着迷.他还和他弟弟乔治一起在家里建立了一个小型实验室,以反复进行X射线和放射性等实验.由于他对物理的好奇心,丹尼斯在还没有上大学的时候,就用了两年的时间自学了微积分,甚至虽然他在大学期间学习的是电子工程,他对物理学的热爱依旧不可熄灭,他常常到柏林大学去听课,其中不乏像爱因斯坦,普朗克这样重量级的物理学家.

他对学术的热情,勤奋以及对科学的献身精神保证了他不仅能最大限度地改善自己,而且能为社会做出贡献.十九世纪四十年代在他发明了全息摄影术之后他依旧没有放弃对科学的探索,几年之后他去了英国,并一直在伦敦大学帝国科学技术学院执教,直到1967年退休.

Louis-Jacques-MandéDaguerre

Louis-Jacques-MandéDaguerre(LouisDaguerre)wasaFrenchartistandphysicistinthe18thand19thcentury.Hewasoriginallyacelebrateddesignerforthetheatre,butbestknownforhisinventionoftheDaguerreotype,whichmarkedthebirthofphotography.TheDaguerreotypewasthefirstapplicablephotographytechnique,withoutwhichtherewouldbenonewertechniqueslateron.

OfcoursetheDaguerreotypewasnoteasilyobtained.Itwastheresultoflotsofpreviousexplorationandeffortsofpredecessors.EightcenturiesbeforeLouisDaguerre,therehadbeenaninstrumentthatworkedlikenon-lenscamera.Thenthereemergedlensandthetechniqueofsilverhalideemulsion.ThemostcrucialdiscoverycamefromNicéphoreNiépcewhocreatedthetechniqueofJudeaasphaltemulsionin1820andsuccesullymadethefirstphotos.WhenLouisDaguerrepartneredwithNicéphoreNiépcein1829,theycontinuedtoexplorehowphotoscouldeoutquicklyandclearly.EventhoughNicéphoreNiépcediedsuddenlyin1833,LouisDaguerredidnotgiveup,healonemadeplentyofexperimentsandsubsequentlyinventedtheconsequentialDaguerreotype.

AftertheemergenceoftheDaguerreotype,scientistshestillbeenworkinghardtoimprovephotography.Becauseofit,ourlifehasbeemorecolorfulandwonderful.

路易·雅克·曼德·达盖尔

路易·雅克·曼德·达盖尔(路易·达盖尔)是十八世纪和十九世纪的法国艺术家和物理学家.他原为着名舞台背景设计家,后发明达盖尔摄影法,标志着摄影的诞生.达盖尔摄影法是第一种可利用的摄影术,没有它就没有之后新摄影术的发展.

当然达盖尔摄影法得之不易.它是先辈们不懈探索和努力的结果.在路易·达盖尔八个世纪以前,一种与无透镜照相机类似的机器就被发明出来了,然后出现了透镜和银盐感光.其中最重要的发现来自于尼瑟佛尔·尼埃普斯,他在1820年发明了朱迪亚沥青感光并成功地制出世界上第一批照片.当1829年路易·达盖尔和尼瑟佛尔·尼埃普斯合作之后,他们继续探索怎么才能又快又清晰地制出照片.即使尼瑟佛尔·尼埃普斯在1833年突然死亡,路易·达盖尔仍旧没有放弃,他独自不停滴试验,随后发明了具有深远影响的达盖尔摄影法.

在达盖尔摄影法出现之后,科学家们继续努力改进摄影术,也因此,我们的生活变得更加精彩和美好.

ArtClokey

Ifyouloveanimation,youprobablyknowArtClokey,anAmericanpioneerinthepopularizationofstopmotionclayanimation,whocreatedthefamouscharacterGumbythatswepttheUSfrom1950still1990s.

HiscreationofclayanimationwasgreatlyinfluencedbyhisprofessorattheUniversityofSouthernCalifornia,butbeforethat,hisartistictalent,whichlaidafoundationforhisinginvention,wasdiscoveredandtappedbyJosephW.Clokey.Whenhewas9,hisparentsdivorcedandhelivedwithhiotherandstepfather.Yethewasabandonedbyhisstepfathersoonandstayedatanorphanagetilltheageof12whenhewasadoptedbyJosephW.Clokey.JosephW.Clokeywasaclassicalmusicposerandanist.HeschooledArtClokeyinpainting,drawing,andfilmmakingwhilealsotakinghimonjourneystoCanadaandMexico.AlltheeffortsJosephW.ClokeymadecontributedtoasuitableaestheticenvironmentthatfosteredArtClokey'sartisticsensitivityandpromotedthebirthofGumby.

FromwhatwesawaboutArtClokey'searlylife,wecouldtellhowsignificantagoodenvironmentwaordevelopingchildrenandteenagers'talentswhichmightdecidethefollowingprofessionalandpersonaldevelopment.

阿特·克洛基

如果你喜爱动画的话,你应该知道阿特·克洛基,美国粘土动画先驱,在二十世纪50年代至90年代誉满美国的着名角色"小绿人冈比"的创造者.

他之所以能创造出粘土动画,很大程度上是受他在南加州大学学习时教授的影响,但在此之前,支撑他创作的艺术天分是由约瑟夫·克洛基发现并鼓励发展的.在他9岁的时候,他的父母就离婚了,他和母亲及继父一起生活,但不久之后他便被继父抛弃,只能在孤儿院生活.12岁的时候,约瑟夫·克洛基收养了他.约瑟夫·克洛基是一位古典音乐作曲家和风琴手,在绘画,素描和电影制作方面他都给了阿特·克洛基很多教导,同时,他带着阿特·克洛基前往加拿大和墨西哥旅游采风.约瑟夫·克洛基所做的一切努力为阿特·克洛基营造了一个合适的美学环境,在这种环境的熏陶下,阿特·克洛基的艺术敏感度逐渐增长,并最终创作了"小绿人冈比".

从阿特·克洛基的早期生活中,我们能够看到一个好环境的重要性,它有助于发展孩子及青少年的天赋,而这发展后的天赋将决定他们将来的个人及专业成长.

JimHenson

JimHensonwasaneminentAmericanpuppeteer,bestknownasthecreatorofTheMuppets.Heeverperformedinvarioustelevisionprogramsandfilms.Becauseofhisdistinguishedachievements,hewasnominatedforOscarbestfilmdirector,wonEmmyAwardasatelevisionproducer,andposthumouslyreceivedtheDisneyLegendsAward.Moreover,hefoundedTheJimHensonCompany,TheJimHensonFoundationandJimHenson'sCreatureShop,reachingmercialsuccessaswell.

TheappearanceofTheMuppetsderivedfromHenson'sinnovativethoughtsaswellashiscontinuouspursuitforperfectnessofart.ItallstartedfromhireshmenyearattheUniversityofMaryland,CollegeParkwhenhewasaskedtocreateSamandFriends,afive-minutepuppetshowforaTVprogram.Believingthattelevisionpuppetsneededtohelifeandsensitivity,Hensonoverthrewthepopularwayofmakingpuppetromcarvedwood,butmadecharacterromflexible,fabric-coveredfoamrubbersothatthepuppetadewereabletoexpressawiderarrayofemotionsatatime.Amariote'sarmswereusuallymanipulatedbystrings,butHensonusedrodstomovehisMuppets'arms.Inthisway,hemanagedtohegreatercontrolofpuppets'expression.Additionally,HensonusedprecisemouthmovementstomatchthedialogueinorderthattheMuppetcharacterscould"speak"morecreativelyratherthanperformrandommouthmovementsaspreviouspuppets.

Hiscreativewayenabledhimtobeefamoussoon.HewasselectedtoparticipateinprogramssuchasSesameStreet,TheMuppetShow,etc.,allofwhichturnedtohits.

吉姆·汉森

吉姆·汉森是美国着名木偶师,布偶创始人.他曾在各大电视节目和电影中表演,卓越的成就使他获得各种奖项,包括奥斯卡最佳电影导演提名,艾美电视制片人奖,以及迪斯尼成就奖(死后).同时,他创立了吉姆·汉森公司,吉姆·汉森基金会以及吉姆·汉森商店,在商业上也取得了巨大成功.

布偶的出现取决于汉森的创造力以及他对艺术完美的不懈追求.这源自于他在马里兰大学的第一学年,那时候他应一个电视节目的要求编撰一个五分钟的木偶秀《山姆和他的朋友们》.他坚定地认为电视木偶应该更具有生命力,因此他抛弃了当时的流行做法——从木头中刻画木偶,而是从有弹性的纤维覆盖的海绵橡胶中制作角色,这么一来,这些木偶能够表达更多的情感.通常木偶是由绳子操纵的,但汉森采用连杆来更好地控制木偶的表情.除此之外,汉森尽力使他的木偶角色们在说话的时候有精确的嘴形,这样他的布偶就能够更逼真地说话了,而不像之前的木偶只能偶尔动一下嘴而已.

他的创意很快就使他成名了.他被挑选参加许多电视节目,包括《芝麻街》,《布偶秀》等,而这些节目也因着汉森的缘故很快风靡美国.

FreddieMercury

BestknownastheleadvocalistoftherockbandQueen,FreddieMercurywasasuccesulmusician,singerandsongwriter.Hehitthemusicworldwithflamboyantstagepersonaandpowerfulvocalsoverafour-octerange,andhisprevalentpositionsincluded"KillerQueen","BohemianRhapsody","SomebodytoLove"and"WeAretheChampions".

FreddieMercury'swaytofamewasnotthatooth.Hecametoabumpwhenhewas18yearsold.Duetothe1964ZanzibarRevolution,MercuryandhiamilyhadtoleetheirhomelandZanzibartoEngland.Becauseofpoornesswhentheyfirstarrivedatanewcountry,Mercuryhadtostrivehardertocontinuehispursuitformusicwhichhehadinsistedduringthepastsevenyears.DuringthefirstsummervacationatIsleworthPolytechnic(nowWestThamesCollege)inWestLondonwherehestudiedart,hedidseveralpart-timejobsinanursinghouse,HeathrowAirportandFelthamRealEstateExchange.Evenhiellowworkerswereshockedandtouchedthatheworkedsohardforartstudy.Thoughquiteapartofhistimeandeffortsweremovedtojobs,hisstudywasnotnegativelyinfluenced.Hestudiedequallydiligentlyandefficiently,andgraduatedfromIsleworthPolytechnicwithagradeof"A"intheend.

HisperseveranceforartlaidagoodfoundationforhislaterstudyinEalingArtCollege,andultimatelycontributedtohissuccessinmusic.

弗雷迪·墨丘利

弗雷迪·墨丘利以皇后乐队主唱的身份出名,他是成功的音乐家,歌手和作曲家.他以艳丽的舞台魅力和四个八度强大的音色震惊世界,着名作品包括"KillerQueen","BohemianRhapsody","SomebodytoLove"以及"WeAretheChampions".

弗雷迪·墨丘利的成名之路并不一帆风顺,他18岁的时候遇到了一个人生大颠簸.1964年坦桑尼亚桑吉巴革命爆发,墨丘利和他的家人不得不离开桑吉巴前往英国.由于初到一个新国家的窘迫,墨丘利不得不更加努力奋斗以保证继续追寻他已坚持了七年的音乐梦想.当他在西伦敦的艾尔沃思工艺学院(现在的西泰晤士学院)学习艺术的第一个暑检测,他同时兼任几份工,在养老院,希思罗机场和Feltham房产交易所都找了工作.他为了学习艺术如此卖命,甚至他的工友都感到震惊和感动.虽然他一部分时间和精力放在了工作上,他的学习并没有因此受到负面影响,他同样勤奋和效率地学习,最终以"A"的成绩从艾尔沃思工艺学院毕业.

他对艺术的坚持为他之后在伊令艺术大学的学习奠定了很好的基础,并最终成就了他在音乐上的成功.

JeLuisBes

JeLuisBeswasanArgentinewriter,essayist,poetandtranslator.KnownasFranzKafkaoftheSouthAfrica,hisworkshecontributedtothegenreofsciencefictionaswellasthegenreofmagicreali,agenrethatreactedagainstthereali/naturaliofthenieenthcentury.

Besideshistalentanddiligence,JeLuisBes'achievementsinliteraturealsoattributedtohiother'slong-lastingsupport.ThefamilyofBeshadahistoryforblindness.Duringhischildhood,JeLuisBesdidnothegoodeyesightalready,whenhegrewuptobeayouth,hegothighmyopia,ingtotheageof39,hestartedtobeblind.Eversince,hehadproducedallliteratureworkswithhiother'shelp.

Forthirtyyears,hereliedonhiother'sconsideratecareandlove.Hiothernotonlytookcareofhisdailylife,butalsopatientlyreadbooksandnewspapers,andrecordedandsortedoutmanuscriptorhim.Whatwassurprisingwasthatatthistime,hiotherhadbeenather70s,80sand90s.Atanoldage,shestillacpaniedhissontoworkandevengoabroadforvisits.

Thegreatlovefromamotherneverfails.JeLuisBeswasjustsofortunatetoheamotherthatsupportedhimunconditionally.Hewasgreatincreatingliteratureworks,buthiotherwasgreaterinfosteringagreatwriter.

豪尔赫·路易斯·博尔赫斯

豪尔赫·路易斯·博尔赫斯是为阿根廷作家,散文家,诗人兼翻译家.他被认为是南美洲的卡夫卡,他的作品促进了科幻小说以及魔幻现实主义文学的发展.

豪尔赫·路易斯·博尔赫斯在文学上的成功不仅在于他的天赋和努力,另一条件是他母亲的长期支持.博尔赫斯家族有失明病史,他自幼眼力不佳,青年时期高度近视,到39岁的时候,开始逐渐失明.自此之后,他就由母亲帮助,从事文学活动.

三十年来,他依靠着母亲无微不至的关爱.她不仅照顾他的起居生活,还耐心为儿子读书,念报,记录及整理文稿.令人惊讶的是,在这段时期,她已经70岁,80岁甚至90岁了,在如此年迈的情况下,她仍然坚持陪儿子上班甚至出国访问.

母亲伟大的爱永不熄灭.豪尔赫·路易斯·博尔赫斯太幸运了,有这么一个无条件支持他的母亲.他的伟大在于创作文学作品,而她母亲的伟大则在于培养了一位伟大的作家.

GregorJohannMendel

GregorJohannMendelwasanAustrianscientistwhogainedposthumouameasthefounderofthenewscienceofgeics.Mendeldemonstratedthattheinheritanceofcertaintraitsinpeaplantollowsparticularpatterns,nowreferredasthelawsofMendelianinheritance.

ThemostimportantreasonorGregorJohannMendel'sepoch-makingcontributionstothedisciplineofgeicslayinhispassionforthesubject,andhisscientificandseriousattitudetowardsresearch.Foreightyears,hecarefullybred22kindsofpeasthathedeliberatelychoseforexperiments.Usuallywhenguestscametovisitthepeas,hewouldproudlyboast:"Thesearemysonsanddaughters."Andintheeightyears,hecontinuouslyconductedexperiments,hingpreciseobservation,carefulcalculationanddetailedanalysistocharacteristicsandnumbersofpeasofdifferentsortsandgenerations.What'ore,evenwhenhehimselfknewthathisresearchfindingaboutgeicswouldbealandmarkinthefieldofscience,herepeatedtheexperimentscautiouslyforsomeyearstomakeitmorelogicalandperfectbeforepublicizingit,andalsodidplentyofsimilarstudiesonotherplantslikecorns,violetsandMirabilisjalapa,bywhichhetriedtoverifytheapplicabilityofthelawsofgeicsonmostofplants.

乔治·约翰·孟德尔

乔治·约翰·孟德尔是位奥地利科学家,死后出名,但他的贡献使他被赞誉为现代遗传学之父.孟德尔发现豌豆某些特性的遗传是遵行特定的形式的,也就是现在所说的孟德尔遗传定律.

乔治·约翰·孟德尔之所以能够在遗传学领域做出划时代的贡献,最重要的原因是他对这门科学的热爱以及对研究的科学严谨的态度.八年来,他仔细挑选并培育了22种豌豆以供实验之用.每当有客人前来参观豌豆时,他总是骄傲地说:"这些都是我的儿女!"在这八年期间,他也不断地做豌豆实验,对不同种类和不同代的豌豆的性状和数目进行细致入微的观察,计数和分析.除此之外,即使当他明白他的关于遗传学的研究发现在科学史上具有里程碑意义时,他在公开之前,仍旧慎重地重复实验了多年,以使它更加完善,同时他也对其他植物作了大量的类似研究,其中包括玉米,紫罗兰和紫茉莉等,以期证明他发现的遗传规律对大多数植物都是适用的.

LesPaul

LesPaulisbestrenownedasanAmericanjazzandcountryguitarist.Hisachievementsinmusicalinstrumentandrecordingareunprecedented.Henotonlyinventedsolid-bodyelectricguitarwhichmadethesoundofrockandrollpossible,butalsoinitiatedtheinnovativetechniqueofmulti-trackrecording,whichpromotedrapiddevelopmentofpopmusic.

LesPaul'ssuccesshadshownitssproutwhenhewasyoung.Sincehewas13,hehadperformedinpublicasaguitarist.Whenhequithighschoolattheageof17,heplayedinSunnyJoeWolverton'sRadioBand.Andwhenhewasat20s,heturnedtojazzandbuiltatrioband.Comingtotheageof25,hehadalreadygotregularperformanceappointmentsatNationalRadioincooperationwithBandofPennsylvanians.Thenextyeartheinfluentialsolid-bodyelectricguitarcameintobeingfromhishand.Inthefollowingfewyears,becauseofhisdistinctivemusicalacuteness,hemadesomealbumsthatprovedtobeahitaswell.

LesPaul'amelastedfromhisyouthtohisdeath.Hisachievementsandcontributionsinthefirst40yearsofhislifeweremoreobviousthanthoseofhislatterlife.Heseizedthebestyearsofhislife,andwasgrantedmultipleawards,amongwhichtherewasthemostfamousAmericanMusicMastersAwardthroughtheRockandRollHallofFame.

莱斯·保罗

莱斯·保罗以爵士和乡村音乐吉他手的身份最为出名.他在乐器和录音方面的成就无人可比,他不仅发明了使摇滚成为可能的实心电吉他,还创造了多声道录音的革新性技术,这些都极大推进了流行音乐的快速发展.

当莱斯·保罗还年幼的时候,他的成功就露出了端倪.自13岁起,他便作为一名吉他手参加公开演出,17岁那年,他从中学退学,开始在SunnyJoeWolverton'sRadioBand演奏.当他20岁出头的时候,他转向爵士乐并创建了自己的三重奏乐队,到25岁的时候,他已经开始与Pennsylvanians乐队合作,规律的在国家电台演出,第二年他即创造了影响力非凡的实心电吉他.接下来的日子里,因着他独特的音乐感受力,他所制作的唱片也大红大紫.

莱斯·保罗的名声从他小时候持续到他的离去.他在40岁之前的成就和贡献相比后半生来说要明显得多,无疑他抓住了生命中最棒的年华,也因此获得了不少奖,其中包括最着名的摇滚名人堂的"美国音乐大师奖".

HarryHoudini

HarryHoudiniisaHungarian-bornAmericanmagicianandescapologist,notedforhissensationalescapeacts.HaryyHoudini'sintenseinterestinmagicwasignitedwhenhefirstwatchedthemagicshowgivenbyatrellingmagician.Afterdelvingintoit,hepletelyfellinlovewiththisartformandshowedagreattalentforit.Hisearlymagiccareerwasn'tsuccesul,buthispassionformagicspurredhimontofollowhiagicpathsteadily.

Houdini'scareertookoffin1899whenhemetmanagerMartinBeck,whowasgreatlyimpressedbyhisHandcuffEscapeperformance.Later,HoudinitookBeck'sadviceandbegantoconcentrateonescapeacts.Hecreatedmanyotherfamousescapeacts,suchasMilkCanEscape,ChineseWaterTortureCellEscapeandSuspendedStraitjacketEscape.Thoseescapeswereoftenverydangerous.OneperformancecalledBuriedAliveEscapenearlycosthislife.Buthisloveformagicseemedtogrowdeeperandfirmerafterallthosedangersandsetbacks.

Houdiniisalsoastrongdefenderofscience.Histraininginmagicallowedhimtodebunkfraudsthathadsuccesullyfooledmonpeople,evenmanyscientistsandacademics.Hissocialjusticeandintegrityencouragedhimtocontinuetodoso,thoughthisbroughthimmanyenemies.Hisdeedsofexposingspiritualists'tricksdistinguishedmagicfromsuperstitionanddeception.

哈里·胡迪尼

哈里·胡迪尼是一个在匈牙利出生的美国魔术师和逃脱术大师.他以他惊世骇俗的逃脱技艺和闻名.童年时的他在一次观看了巡游魔术师的表演后,对魔术产生了强烈兴趣.在深入研究魔术之后,胡迪尼深深地爱上了这一艺术形式,并且展示出了过人的天赋.他前期的魔术事业并不成功,但对魔术的热情促使他坚持着他的魔术道路.

1899年,胡迪尼的脱逃魔术吸引了经纪人马丁·贝克的注意.他的魔术生涯也在此时出现了转机.之后,胡迪克采纳了贝克的建议开始潜心研究脱逃魔术.他创造了很多其他的脱逃魔术,如奶桶脱逃术,水牢脱逃术和悬浮紧身衣脱逃术.这些表演常常是很危险的,一个活埋脱逃差点使他丧命.但是在这些失败和危险后,他对魔术的爱似乎更加深了.

胡迪尼也是科学的有力扞卫者.他的魔术训练使他能够揭露那些成功愚弄了大众,甚至是科学家和学者的骗子.这让他树立了很多敌人,但社会正义感促使他义无反顾.他揭露了很多巫师的伎俩,这也使得魔术和迷信划开界限.

WillEisner

WillEisner,agreatAmericanicwriterandentrepreneur,isconsideredoneoftheworld'ostimportantpioneersinics.Hewasthefatherofgraphicnovel,amilestoneinthehistoryofbothicsandnovel.Healsoinitiatedusingicsasaninstructionalmedium.TheicmunitycreatedWillEisnerComicIndustryAwardstorecognizeachievementseachyearintheicmediumandinhonorofhiscontributiontotheicfield.

Eisner'ssuccessgreatlyattributedtohiamily.Hiather,whowasapainterandsemi-succesulentrepreneur,isinsightfulenoughtoseehistalentinart.Thoughhiother,apracticalandrealistichousewife,firmlybelievedthatherson'sartistictalentswouldneveramounttoanykindofsuccessinlife,hiatherencouragedhimallthetimetopursueartandtriedtoinstillinhimasenseofduality,abalancebetweenbusinessandart.Withhiather'scontinuousandstrongsupport,Eisnerbecamenotonlyamarvelousartistbutalsoagreatentrepreneur.Whenhewasonly20yearsold,hepartneredwith35-year-oldIgerandfoundedEisner&,Iger,aicstudio,whichturnedouttobeahugesuccess.

Eisnerisluckytoheasupportiveandperspicaciouather.Helearnedfromhiathernotonlyviewofvalues,butalsoskillsandspirits.

威尔·艾斯纳

威尔·艾斯纳,一位伟大的美国漫画家和企业家,是世界漫画领域最重要的先锋人物之一.他是图像小说之父,图画小说的出现在漫画界和小说界都堪称里程碑.此外,他还开创式地运用漫画作为教育媒介.为了纪念艾斯纳对漫画领域的贡献,也表彰漫画界的突出成就,漫画界设立了威尔·艾纳斯漫画奖.

艾斯纳的成功很大程度上归功于他的家庭.他的父亲是一位画家和商人,一眼就看出他在艺术方面的天赋.尽管他的母亲很现实,觉得艾纳斯的漫画天赋不会有什么大的发展,他的父亲却一直鼓励他追求艺术,并灌输给他除了艺术以外的商业意识.在他父亲的持续不断强大的支持下,艾斯纳不仅成为了一个非凡的艺术家,也成为了一个了不起的企业家.在他只有20岁的时候就和伊格尔联手建立了艾斯纳&,伊格尔漫画工作室,并取得了极大的成功.

艾斯纳很幸运,他有一个支持他并有敏锐眼光的父亲.从他父亲那里他不仅学到了价值观,也学会了各种技能和精神.

JohnJamesAudubon

JohnJamesAudubonwasafamousAmericanornithologist,naturalistandpainter.HiajorpublishedbookentitledTheBirdsofNorthAmericaisconsideredoneofthefinestornithologicalworkseverpleted,andhisworksarerecognizedas"USNationalTreasure",notonlydistinguishingthemselvesasworksofart,butalsoprovidingimportantevidenceforscientificresearchsincehedocumentedandillustratedAmericanbirds'habitualcharacteristicsindetail.

NoonewoulddenythatforsopreciouslegacyAudubonleftforus,hemadegreatdetermination,devotedhimselfall,andsacrificedalot.Fromhisearliestdays,Audubonhadanaffinityforbirds."Ifeltanintimacywiththem...borderingonfrenzythatmustacpanymystepsthroughlife."Ashecontinuedhispursuitinstudyingbirds,hedevelopedintonaturalistandtaxidermistatamuseum.Butonlyafterashortstay,Audubonleftthemuseum,decidedtofindandpaintallthebirdsofNorthAmerica,andtoillustratehiindingsinamorerealisticmannerthanmostartistsdidthen.Ambitiouslyenough,withonlyhisgun,paintbox,andanassistant,hestartedintoMississippi,Alabama,andFloridainsearchofornithologicalspecimens.Eventhoughhisobsessionwiththecareerimpairedhiamilylife,heinsistedoncontinuingit.

Audubondidnotstopworkinguntilhiailinghealthcouldnotallowhim.Hisstoryteachesushowabeliefwouldinfluenceoneperson'sliferoad,andhowaheartofdevotioncouldcreatetreasureforthewholeworld.

约翰·詹姆斯·奥杜邦

约翰·詹姆斯·奥杜邦是美国着名的鸟类学家,博物学家,画家.他的主要出版着作《美洲鸟类》被认为是有史以来最好的鸟类着作之一,他的鸟类图鉴被称作"美国国宝",详细记述了美洲鸟类的生活习性,不仅是艺术品,也为科学研究提供了重要证据.

没人会否认奥杜邦为我们留下了这么宝贵的财富是因为他的决心,奉献和牺牲.在他小时候,他就和鸟类有亲近之感:"我觉得和它们很亲密等我对它们有种狂热,而这狂热将伴随我一生的每一步."随着他研究鸟类的深入,他成为了一个博物馆的自然学家和标本剥制师.但是不久之后,他离开了博物馆,下定决心去寻找和描绘出美洲的所有鸟类,并将他的发现以一种更现实的方式表达出来.带着足够的野心,一支,一个画箱和一个助手,他开始了前往密西西比,阿拉巴马和佛罗里达的鸟类探索之旅.即使因为他对这项事业的迷恋影响了他的家庭生活,他仍旧坚持着.

奥杜邦一直工作,直到他的身体日渐衰弱.他的故事教导我们信仰会怎样影响一个人的人生道路以及一颗奉献的心会给世界带来多么宝贵的财富.

ConstantinBrancusi

ConstantinBrancusiisaRomanian-bornsculptorwhomadehiscareerinFrance.Hisworksarefeaturedbysymbolicabstractnessanddelicatedesignsofcreaturesinthenature.Usinguniquerawmaterialaarble,woodandbronze,heisconsideredthepioneerofmoderni,andreputedasthePatriarchofModernSculpture.

Yethisgreatnessdidnoteeasily.Itwasderivedfromhisdeterminationandaudacitytosubverttradition.AtthebeginningofhiscareerinParis,heworkedintwoworkshops.Butheleftthemsoonbecauseinhisview,"Nothingcangrowunderbigtrees."Afterleingtheworkshops,hehadmorespaceforhisoriginalityforsculpture,andbegantodevelophisrevolutionarystyle.Whenposingasculpture,hedidmorecarving,ratherthanthemethodpopularwithhiscontemporaries,thatofmodelinginclayorplasterwhichwouldbecastinmetal.Becauseofhisworks'uniquenessresultedfromtherawmaterialheused,inacertainperiod,hisworkswerenotevenregardedasworksofartbutindustrialitems.Suchincidentshappened,butBrancusineverthoughtaboutchanginghisartsstyle.

Hisperseverancepaidoffintheend.Duetothewater-likeshapesandpureessenceofthethingshedepictedthatwerereflectedinhisworks,hesoonbecamepopularinFrance,RomaniaandtheUnitedStates.In1913Brancui'sworkwasdisplayedatboththeSalondesIndépendantsandthefirstexhibitionintheU.S.ofmodernart,theArmoryShow.

康斯坦丁·布朗库西

康斯坦丁·布朗库西是一位雕塑家,他出生于罗马尼亚,在法国发展事业.他的作品以自然界中生物的象征性抽象和微妙的造型为特色.因为运用独特的原材料比如大理石,木头和铜,他被认为是现代主义的创始人,被尊为"现代雕塑之父".

然而他的成功来之不易.这成功来自于他颠覆传统的胆量和决心.在他身在巴黎职业初期,他曾在两个工作室工作,但不久便离开了.在他看来,"大树底下寸草不生".离开工作室后,他拥有了更多雕塑原创空间,开始发展他的创新风格.在创作一个雕塑时,他使用更多雕刻技术,而摒弃了他的同僚们惯用的手法,即在黏土或石膏上定形,之后再印到金属上.因为他所使用的原材料,他的作品特别与众不同,在某一时期,这些作品甚至不被认为是艺术品,而被认定为工业产品.虽然这样的事时有发生,布朗库西从未想过改变他的艺术风格.

最终他的坚持获得了回报.由于他的作品中反映出的水一样的线条和所刻画事物的单纯本质,不久之后他就在法国,罗马尼亚和美国成名了.1913年他的作品在法国独立艺术家协会以及美国现代艺术第一个展厅ArmoryShow展出.

HeinrichRudolfHertz

Asionlybelieved,HeinrichRudolfHertziostrenownedforbeingthefirstonetoconclusivelyprovetheexistenceofelectromagicwes.HeclarifiedandexpandedtheelectromagictheoryoflightthathadbeenputforthbyJamesClerkMaxwell.Asaphysicist,Hertzmaintainedaspiritofexplorationandinsistence,andhisstoryinspirespeoplewhointendtopursuecontributionsinthesphereofscience.

Atthattime,peoplefirmlybelievedMaxwell'stheoryofelectromagi,thatis,electromagicwesexistedandmovedatthespeedoflight,andlightitselfwasjustawe.Thoughitwaspopular,thetheorywasstillonlyaprediction.Encouragedbyhientor,Hertzwastoproveit.Hemademanyexperimentsandfinallymanagedtomakeaprecisewe-detectingapparatus,thoughhefailedmultipletimesbeforesuccess.Intheexperiment,hediscoveredtheelectromagicwe.Inmoreadvancedexperimentslateron,hemeasuredthevelocityofelectromagicradiationandfoundittobethesameasthelight'svelocity.Healsoshowedthatthenatureofradiowes'reflectionandrefractionwasthesameasthoseoflightandestablishedbeyondanydoubtthatlightisaformofelectromagicradiationobeyingtheMaxwellequations.

Withhisinsistence,Hertzwasdefinitelyalegendinscience.Hisexperimentssoontriggeredtheinventionofthewirelesstelegraph,radioandtelevision.

海因里希·鲁道夫·赫兹

众所周知,海因里希·鲁道夫·赫兹因他第一个结论性地证明了电磁波的存在而出名.他阐明并扩张了由詹姆斯··麦克斯韦提出的光电磁理论.作为一名物理学家,赫兹始终保持着探索精神和坚持不懈的精神.他的故事不断激励着想在科学领域做出贡献的人们.

在他的年代,人们坚信麦克斯韦的电磁理论,也就是,电磁波是存在的,它以光速运动,而光不过也就是一种波而已.虽然这个理论很流行,但它毕竟只是一个猜想.赫兹受他的导师鼓舞,决定去证明这个理论.他做了许多实验,在失败了多次之后,终于成功制作出一个精确的测波仪.在这个实验中,他发现了电磁波,而在紧接下来的更深入的实验中,他又测出了电磁波的速度,发现确实和光速一致.他还发现无线电波的反射和折射的本质和光是一致的,并因此证明了光是一种电磁波,就和麦克斯韦方程中描述的一样.

因为他的坚持,赫兹成为了科学史上的传奇.他的实验不久就引发了无线电报,收音机和电视的发明.

LouisArmstrong

LouisArmstrongisanAmericanjazztrumpeterwhocametoprominencein1920s.Hedistinguishedhimselfbygreatdexterityasanimproviser,bendingthelyricsandmelodyofasongforexpressivepurposes.Nooneexceededhiminthefieldinhistimeorplayinghigh-pitchCandF.

Unlikemanygreatmusicianswhogrewupinafamilywithmusicalbackgroundorinarichfamilythatcouldprovideenoughfundorstudyingmusicalinstruments,LouisArmstrongcamefromapoorslumdistrict,abandonedbyhiatherwhenhewasaninfant,andlivedatthebottomofthesocietyduringhischildhood.Underbadconditions,singinghadbeentheonlythingthatdelightedhim:heparticipatedinayouthchorusandsanginthestreets,andsometimeshesanginchurchchoir.Henevergeuphisdreamformusic.DuringhisyearsintheFiskSchoolforBoyrom10yearsoldto18yearsold,hegotthefirstexposuretocorplaying,andwaentoredbyatrumpeterPeterDis.Withtalentanddiligence,hehadmadegreatprogress,andbeeawell-knowncorplayerinNewOrleanswhenhelefttheFiskSchool.In1922hejoinedJoeKingOliverOrchestra.UnderguidanceofOliver,hegraduallyedifiedhisstatusasanexceptionalsoloperformer.

路易斯·阿姆斯特朗

路易斯·阿姆斯特朗是一位在二十世纪二十年代成名的美国爵士小号演奏家.他以熟练的即兴演出出名,将旋律,节奏和曲调完美结合来表达情感.在他那个年代,没人能够超越他,没人能像他一样演奏出高音C和高音F.

和那些生长于音乐世家或者富裕家庭的大音乐家不同,路易斯·阿姆斯特朗出生于一个贫民窟,当他还是襁褓婴儿的时候就被父亲抛弃,儿童时期一直生活在社会底层.在如此糟糕的生活条件之下,唱歌成了唯一使他高兴的事:他参加少年合唱团在街头演唱,有时会在教堂唱诗班中一展歌喉.路易斯·阿姆斯特朗从未放弃过对音乐的追求.在他10岁到18岁在菲斯克男子学院期间,他第一次接触到短号演奏,并一直由一名小号演奏家彼得·戴维斯教导.天赋加上勤奋,他在短号演奏方面进步神速,在他离开菲斯克学院时候他已经成为了新奥尔良知名的演奏者.1922年他加入了奥立佛国王乐团,在奥立佛的指导下,他逐渐建立起作为一位伟大独奏者的地位.

Eminem

Recognizedasthekingofhip-hopbythemedia,Eminemisoneoftherarewhiterappersinhip-hopmusic,afielddominatedmainlybyblacksingers.HeisalsooneofthemostcontroversialrappersinAmericanmusicindustry.

Hiusicalworksinhisearlycareerarecharacterizedbycriticiandcurseforhislifeandfortheworld.Thisrootedfromhiiserablechildhood.Hiatherabandonedhimwhenhewasonly18monthsoldandhewassolelybroughtupbyhiother,withwhomhehadaterriblerelationshipwith.Inmanyofhissongs,Eminemrappedabouthiotherinerynegativeway.Whilerejectedanddespisedbythemainstreammusicians,hissongsenjoyedgreatpopularityamongyoungpeople,especiallyamongthosewhowentthroughsimilarexperiencesashedid.Thoughhissongswerefullofcontroversy,theunbelievablysuccesulsalesofhisalbumsshowedthesociety'stolerancetowardsdifferentartstyles.

Justlikehistranormationfromarebelliousandwastedyoungmantoacaringandresponsiblefather,thecontentofEminem'ssongswentthroughagreatchange,too.Thethemesofhiscurrentworksaremostlyaboutlove,friendship,responsibility,courageandintegrity.Hissongsinspiredmillionsoffansandguidedpeopletomakerightdecisionsinlife.NowEminemistotallyacceptedbythemainstreamandrecognizedasoneofthegreatestartistsever.

OnegreatlessonEminemteachesyoungpeopleistobeyourselfandbeproudofwhoyouare.

艾米纳姆

在黑人统治的嘻哈音乐世界,艾米纳姆是罕见的一个白人说唱奇才,他被媒体称为说唱界的领袖.同时,他也是美国说唱界的最有争议的歌手之一.

他早期的音乐作品充满了对生活和世界的批判和谩骂.这和他不幸的童年经历有关.在他仅十八个月时,他的爸爸就抛弃了他.他由母亲一手带大,但他和母亲的关系却很糟糕.他的很多作品都是讽刺自己母亲的.尽管被主流音乐家所摒弃,他的音乐很受年轻人喜爱,尤其是和有和他一样的经历的年轻人.虽然他的歌曲饱受争议,但是成功的销量体现了社会对各种音乐形式的包容和兼收并蓄.

随着艾米纳姆由一个叛逆,颓废的年轻人变成一个关爱,有责任心的父亲,艾米纳姆音乐作品的内容和风格也经历了一个巨大的改变.他如今作品的主题大多关于爱,友情,责任,勇气和正义.他的歌鼓舞了亿万歌迷,指引他们做出正确的人生选择.现在艾米纳姆已完全被主流文化接受,并被公认为最伟大的艺术家之一.

艾米纳姆教给年轻人的一件事就是要勇于做自己,为自己自豪.

JosephPulitzer

JosephPulitzerisbestknownforposthumouslyestablishingthePulitzerPrizestohonorgreatcontributorsinthefieldsofjournaliandliterature,andtheColumbiaUniversityGraduateSchoolofJournali,oneofthebestjournalischoolshistorically.Butbeforethat,hehadalreadycontributedenormouslytothenewspaperindustry.HenotonlyrevivedSt.LouisPostDispatchandNewYorkWorld,butalsointroducedthetechniquesof"newjournali"and"yellowjournali"tonewspapers,andthusappealedtoreaderswithvarietiesofformsofnews,entertainmentandadvertising.

NobodycouldimaginethatsuchanewspapertycoonasJosephPulitzerwhocrusadedagainstbigbusinessandcorruptionandadvocatedsocialreformcouldnotevenspeakEnglishwhenhefirstarrivedintheUSfromHungary.Besides,uponhisarrivalhehadnomoneywithhimatall.Whathedidtoliveonwaindajobpositioninalibrary,andmeanwhiletakeseveralofotherjobssuchascalrymanandlawyer.Fromtheseexperienceshetrainedhislanguageabilityandaccumulatedknowledgebyreadingplentyofbooksaswellasbuiltanadmirablepersonalityanddevelopedaglobalvisionthatpreparedhimwellforhiscareer.SoonhemanagedtobeagoodreporterandeditorinWestlichePost.Thiswashisturningpoint.Fromthenon,hecontinuedhisdevelopmentinthenewspaperfieldandsuccesullyexpandedittothepoliticalfield.

约瑟夫·普利策

约瑟夫·普利策最为出名的是他死后以遗嘱的方式所建立的普利策奖(纪念在新闻领域和文学领域的杰出贡献者)和哥伦比亚大学新闻学院(历史上最好的新闻学院之一).但在此之前,他已经为报刊产业做出了巨大贡献.他不仅重新为经营不善的《圣路易斯快报》和《世界报》注入活力,同时也为报纸引进了"新新闻法"和"新闻法",因此用各种形式的新闻,娱乐和广告吸引了大批读者.

虽然像约瑟夫·普利策这样的报纸大亨能够大声反抗商业腐败,提倡社会改革,但他竟然在从匈牙利来美国之初连一句英文都不会.而且,在踏入美国的土地时他身无分文.为了维持生存,他所能做的就是在图书馆找到一份工作,在这里他可以任意借阅图书,并同时兼打几份工,比如当骑兵和律师.从这些经历中他渐渐地培养了语言能力,增长了知识,树立了不错的个性,并见多识广,这些都为他接下来的职业生涯奠定了很好的基础.不久他就成功成为了《西方邮报》不可多得的记者和编者,这便是他的职业转折点.至此以后,他在报业的生涯蒸蒸日上,也成功地进入政治圈.


ManFreeman

Thefilm"TheShawshankRedemption"isdefinitelyaclassicfromtheperspectivesofplot,directingandacting.ItalsowitnessedthesuccessofagreatactorManFreemanwhoperfectlyinterpretedthemainsupportingrole.Inreality,ManFreeman'sstorytofameisonethatspeakorthetruth—successawaitsopportunitieswhichdependonappropriatetime.

Bornin1937,ManFreemandidnotetoenormouspopularityuntillate1980sand1990s.Hestartedlearningdramain1959whenhewasalready22.Withalatestart,helandedonthestageofBroadwaylateaswellattheageof30.Fortunately,hisperformingskillswerefullytrainedwhenheinvolvedhimselfwholeheartedlyinmusicals,modernoperasandShakespeareanplays.In1971heturnedhiseyestoTV,andplayedaroleasateacherinanEnglishteachingprogram.Duringtheperiod,healsobeganhisjourneyofplayinginfilms.Thoughthesefilmsheparticipatedinwerenotingoodtasteorabletogivehimenoughspacetotaphispotential,theydidofferhimopportunitiestoliveoninthefilmsphere.

Till1987,heplayedaruffianrolein"StreetSmart",andhisdelicateperformingskillswonhisnominationsofbothOscarBestSupportingActorandtheGoldenGlobeAwards.Fromherehepletelyfocusedonfilms.Laterheplayedin"RobinHood:PrinceofThieves""Se7en""MillionDollarBaby",etc.,mostofwhichearnedgreatsalesandreputations.Obviouslyrightnowheiuchmorepopularthanwhathewas30yearsago.

摩根·弗里曼

无论从情节,导演还是从演技上来说,电影《肖申克的救赎》就是一部经典,同时,它见证了在其中完美演绎第一配角的伟大演员摩根·弗里曼的成功.现实生活中,摩根·弗里曼的成名故事证明了一条真理——成功等待机遇,机遇等待时间.

摩根·弗里曼出生于1937年,但他成名于二十世纪八十年代末期和九十年代.自1959年起他开始学习戏剧,那时候他已经22岁了.因为开始得晚,他初登百老汇舞台时也已经30岁了.幸运的是,当他全心投入音乐剧,现代剧,莎翁剧的演出时,他的演技得到了全方面的锻炼.1971年他又将眼光投入了电视圈,在一个英语教学频道中充当一名教师,也就是在这期间,他开始了演电影的旅程.虽然他在这期间参与的电影都缺乏内涵,也不能给他足够空间来挖掘潜力,但这些电影毕竟给了他在电影圈生存下去的机会.

直到1987年,他在《浪迹街头》中扮演一个恶棍角色,他精湛的表演为他赢得了奥斯卡最佳男配角和金球奖两项提名.从此以后他开始全心投入电影,之后又陆续拍摄了《侠盗王子罗宾汉》《七宗罪》《百万宝贝》等等,其中大部分电影迅速赢得了巨大的票房和名声.很显然现在的摩根·弗里曼和30年前的他相比是出名多了.

AlbertSchweitzer

AlbertSchweitzerisaprominenttheologian,anist,philosopher,physician,andmedicalmissionaryinthe20thcentury.WhenhewasawardedNobelPeacePrizeattheageof78,hehadalreadywonworld-knownreputationforhiultiplecontributionsinphilosophy,medicalscience,theologyandmusic,especiallyhisproposalabouttheethicsconceptof"toawelife",andhisdeedsofestablishingclinicsinAfrica.AlbertEinsteinclaimedhimastheonlyonewhocouldideallybinegoodnessanddesireforbeauty.

Throughouthislife,AlbertSchweitzerwasdrivenbyhiseagernesorbeauty,goodnessandfairness.Evenwhenhehadalreadymadebigachievementsinphilosophy,theologyandmusic,hedecisivelyleftallofthembehindanddeterminedtostudymedicalscienceafterhereadanarticleabouthowAfricaneededmedicalassistance.Throughnineyears'hardstudy,hegotadoctoratedegreeinmedicalscience,andimmediatelywenttoAfrica.Hesetuphospitalsandclinics,devotingallhistime,energy,resources,wisdomandlovetoservingtheAfricanpeoplewhohedidnotknowbeforeinpooranduncivilizedareas.

Tillhediedintheplacewherehecontributedallofhimself,hehadservedfortheblackformorethan50years.Andhefullydeservedthename"SonoftheAfrica".

阿尔贝特·施韦泽

阿尔贝特·施韦泽是二十世纪杰出的神学家,管风琴手,哲学家,物理学家和医学传教士.当他在78岁高龄被授予诺贝尔和平奖时,他已经赢得了巨大声望,因他在哲学,医学,神学和音乐领域上做出了多方面的贡献,特别是他提出的学思想"敬畏生命"和他在非洲建立诊所的所为.阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦称他为唯一一个能将善和对美的渴望理想结合起来的人.

阿尔贝特·施韦泽一生都跟随他对美,善和公平的渴望.即使当他已经在哲学,神学和音乐方面取得了巨࣪